WELCOME TO MOZAMBIQUE - THE LAND OF SMILES
Once a Portuguese colony, Mozambique achieved independence in 1975.
Area: 308,642 sq. miles; slightly less than twice the size of California
Major cities: Capital - Maputo (pop.1,6 million, 2011 est.) Beira, Matola,
Nampula, Quelimane, tete, Nacala, Pemba.
Climate: Tropical to subtropical
Population (2011) 22.9 million
Ethnic groups: african 99,7% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Makonde, Lomwe, Shangaan, Shona, Sena, Ndau, Europeans, Euro-Africans and South asians.
Religions Christian 56%, Muslim 18%, indigenous African and other beliefs
Languages: Portuguese (official) various indigenous languages
Mozambique is on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa, bordered by South Africa to the south, Tanzania to the north and has inland borders with Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. Mozambique possesses a very long eastern coastline along the Indian Ocean, a fantastic drawcard for scuba divers, fishermen, sailors and beach lovers.
Maputo is the capital city of
Mozambique. It is the largest city of Mozambique also with
the country’s most important harbour. It is situated at the
mouth of the Santo River in the extreme south 90 km from the
border to South Africa.
Tofo and surrounds have some truly excellent diving, with nice reefs and excellent large marine life. Whale sharks and Humpback whales in season, reef sharks and much more. Don’t miss Manta Reef, home of three cleaning stations where the critters really throng. Most of the better dive sites are at around 25-30 meters, requiring deep-dive certification (which you can get through one of the dive shops if you don’t have already).Snorkeling is a MUST… swimming with whalesharks, the largest fish in the world is incredibly special. Although their mouths are over a meter wide and their bodies 8m long they are harmless. if you’re lucky you may also get to swim with wild dolphins, manta rays. Swimming with whales is prohibited, although you’ll be happy to see them from the boat. Inquire with the dive shops about trips. Surfing is also a nice possibility in the warm Indian Ocean and boards can be hired from the little cafe next to Diversity Scuba.
Vilanculos is a popular beach town and the gateway to theBazaruto Archipelago, a group of five idylic islands off the coast of Mozambique the largest of which is Bazaruto Island. Others are Inhaca and Paridise Island. The Archipelago is truly one of the most beautiful destinations on the African continent. The area is now protected as a conservation area and national park. The park is one of the largest in the Indian Ocean and a crucial achievement in global marine conservation.Sand dunes are found throughout the Archipelago and tidal flats and inland saline lakes support a wide variety of seabird species. Coral reefs are also home to thousands of fish and coral species and marine mammal species. The largest dugong population along the eastern African coast can also be found here.
Mile after mile of deserted sandy beaches also grace the island. The leeward side of the island chain is surrounded by calm turquoise waters while the windward side offers an even more isolated and untamed seashore with waves constantly pounding the coastline.While offering an exquisite paradise, travelers may find accommodations on the islands prohibitively expensive particularly with the closure of the one of the last reasonably priced accommodation Gabrielleť to make way for yet another luxury lodge. Fortunately, Vilanculos offers a plethora of affordable places to sleep. Daytrips by dhows can easily be arranged from the mainland.
A untouched paradise on earth, the archipelago has earned its reputation as the ‘Pearl of the Indian Ocean’.Ilha de Mozambique is a city in Nampula Province with a historical heritage that’s unmatched in the rest of Mozambique, and indeed the rest of Africa. It was the capital of Mozambique for nearly four centuries before the move to Lourenco Marques (now Maputo), and had been used as a major base for the arab traders long before the arrival of the portuguese.
Everywhere. Ilha’s a magical mix of old portuguese and old muslim architecture. It basically divides into two halves - the old stone town in the north and the “reed town” in the south. However the reed town here is set down from the main streets. The museum is in the old Palacio Govierno, a big red building up in stone town. In the same building is a tourist information office that sells really good street maps and has all sorts of other information about the various restaurants and pensaos on the island. It’s well worth heading here as soon as you arrive. Also well worth a visit is the fort at the northern tip of the island, which contains the Church of Nossa Senhora Baluarte, almost certainly the oldest surviving European building in the southern hemisphere, dating back to 1522.There’s a dive centre at the northern end of the island just down from the fort. You can take boat trips, visit the museums, or just laze on the beach. If you’re feeling adventurous take a dhow over to the mainland at Chaga or Mossuril and explore along the coast there.
Nampula is the capital of Nampula Province in northern Mozambique, surrounded by plains and rocky outcrops. The city is connected by plane (LAM) to Maputo; it hosts the regional market and is well supplied with shops, banks, hotels and restaurants.Nampula is the staging post for journeys further north (towards the Tanzania border) or west (towards Malawi). The only passenger railway service in the Country connects the town with Cuamba near the Malawi border.Attractions in Nampula include the large, domed cathedral and the ethnology museum.
a port town in Mozambique located on the south side of the
world’s third largest natural bay. It is the most important
centre in northern Mozambique, and therefore has banks,
patisseries, supermarkets and restaurants, although the town
is very run down with paved streets having massive potholes
and other storm water damage. The town was built over
rolling hills, and most people live in wooden huts set
amongst many thick baobab trees.
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